Uneven from the start? Poverty among immigrant generations of Hispanic children

This article was originally published here

Demography. October 1, 2021: 9519043. doi: 10.1215 / 00703370-9519043. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Recent cohorts of American children increasingly consist of immigrants or immediate descendants of immigrants, a demographic shift that has been implicated in high rates of child poverty. By analyzing data from the 2014-2018 Current Population Survey and using the US Census Bureau’s Supplementary Poverty Measure, we describe the differences in child poverty rates between immigrant generations and assess how these disparities are rooted. in generational differences in the prevalence and impact of the main poverty risk factors. . Our estimates show that poverty rates among Hispanic children are very high, especially among first generation children and second generation children with two parents born overseas. Low family employment is the most important risk factor for poverty, but the prevalence of this risk varies little from one generation of immigrants to the next. Differences in parental education account for the largest share of the intergenerational disparities observed in child poverty. Additional comparisons with third-generation, non-Hispanic white children underscore the disadvantages faced by all Hispanic children, underscoring the continued predominance of race and ethnicity in the American stratification system. Understanding the role of the immigrant generation vis-à-vis other dimensions of inequality has important policy implications as the American population continues to diversify along multiple social axes.

PMID: 34596221 | DOI: 10.1215 / 00703370-9519043

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