Social policy – Sociology Eso Science http://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 07:00:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-6-150x150.png Social policy – Sociology Eso Science http://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ 32 32 Class of 2022 graduate from Bradford College https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/class-of-2022-graduate-from-bradford-college/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/class-of-2022-graduate-from-bradford-college/ Hundreds of students took part in an emotional day on Friday as the Class of 2022 graduated from Bradford College. During two ceremonies at St George’s Hall, special guests gathered to watch loved ones receive their top tier awards. In the morning, diplomas, higher professional and technical qualifications were awarded by the Schools of Engineering […]]]>

Hundreds of students took part in an emotional day on Friday as the Class of 2022 graduated from Bradford College.

During two ceremonies at St George’s Hall, special guests gathered to watch loved ones receive their top tier awards.

In the morning, diplomas, higher professional and technical qualifications were awarded by the Schools of Engineering and Construction, the Bradford School of Art, Science, Medi-tech, Allied Health and Computing, and Business, Accountancy & Law.

In the afternoon, Bradford College Margaret McMillan School of Education and School of Social Care & Community Practice also recognized the achievements of their outstanding graduates. Bradford College offers higher vocational and technical qualifications at diploma level for school graduates to mature students returning to education.

Bradley Cook-Pattison, who graduated with a BA (Hons) in Performance from Bradford School of Art, said: “I feel very nervous, but absolutely proud to be here. I am the first person in my family to come to college and graduate. I feel absolutely honored to be identified as an elder.

Another graduate, Nasreen Akhtar, earned a Foundation Diploma in Educational Learning Support and Management from the Margaret MacMillan School of Education. She said: “I am proud of myself. Both of my children were doing their GCSEs when I had brain surgery at the time. I tried to get a tutor for my children, but it was too expensive. So, I came back to university to redo my English and my maths. Bradford College is like my second home – I’ve been a student since 2016!”

At the ceremonies, Bradford College named two Honorary Fellow Awards – the highest title the College can bestow on an individual. The awards began in 1933 and are given to inspirational individuals who stand out for their outstanding contribution to their fields, to the College or to the city of Bradford.

This year, the Chief Executive of the Muslim Women’s Council, Bana Gora, received the award for her campaign for women’s rights in the city and beyond. Bana is a former student of BTEC National Business Studies.

Neil Bedford, acclaimed photographer and former fashion graduate student, also received the award for his distinguished career and his inspiration to a generation of young creatives.

If you’re inspired by these incredible stories and want to explore degrees here in Bradford, learn more by getting free advice and guidance or visit a Bradford College Open Day. For more details go to www.bradfordcollege.ac.uk

Bradford Telegraph and Argus: Bana Gora, centre, received an honorary member awardBana Gora, center, received an honorary member award (Image: Submitted)

FORMER Bradford College business studies student Bana Gora has received an honorary membership award for over 20 years of campaigning and supporting women’s rights.

Bana co-founded the Muslim Women’s Council in 2009 – an independent charity based in Bradford.

In 2015, she announced plans to build the first female-led mosque in the UK as a community centre, offering advice and acting as a symbol of inclusion for all women.

Bana has been involved in social policy and community engagement at the local and national level, working directly with ethnically and religiously diverse communities and marginalized groups.

Bana also founded a weekly food initiative called Curry Circle, which supports the homeless and those in need.

In 2019, Vogue announced Bana as one of the top 25 women shaping Britain’s future, alongside names such as Naomi Campbell and Phoebe Waller-Bridge.

Bana was the first Muslim woman to receive the Peacemaker Award in 2021, and she has inspired many women with empowering messages.

Bradford Telegraph and Argus: Neil Bedford, centre, paid tribute to his former tutorNeil Bedford, center, paid tribute to his former tutor (Image: Submitted)

Neil Bedford, a former Bradford College Fashion student, graduated alongside the class of 2022 – now an internationally renowned photographer working with some of the biggest brands in the industry.

Since leaving Bradford College, Neil has been commissioned to photograph some of the most famous athletes, musicians and actors of our time including Pharrell Williams, Kobe Bryant, Ed Sheeran, George Ezra, Emma Raducanu and David Beckham.

In his moving speech, Neil paid tribute to his former Bradford School of Art tutor, Angela Loftus: “When I met Angela, I felt like I suddenly had someone who completely understood and saw my true potential, pushing me to do more and be Suited. She had the knowledge I needed and the industry experience to back it up. Without people like her, there would be no no people like me out there doing what we love – so thank you.

Bradford Telegraph and Argus: Chris Webb, Principal and CEO of Bradford CollegeChris Webb, Principal and CEO of Bradford College (Image: Submitted)

CHRIS Webb, Principal and CEO of Bradford College, pays tribute to this year’s graduates: “On behalf of Bradford College, our staff and the Governors, I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate those of you who have received awards . We take great pleasure in celebrating with you, your friends and your family, the end of your higher education. Many of you have overcome challenges on your journey to earning your qualification, often managing competing demands such as family commitment or work, which makes your success all the more remarkable. Today’s ceremony marks a new beginning for you – whether it’s a graduate career, further education or incredible new opportunities. We hope you will have very special memories of the College and of Bradford. You are now a Bradford College alumnus, joining a family of graduates who have achieved remarkable success in life. Congratulations to all of you.

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Minister of Education promotes healthy lifestyle for children https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/minister-of-education-promotes-healthy-lifestyle-for-children/ Sat, 19 Nov 2022 22:49:39 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/minister-of-education-promotes-healthy-lifestyle-for-children/ New Vishanna Phagoo 2 hours ago From left, Alana Shura USAID covid19 response coordinator, U.S. Embassy Chargé d’Affaires Shante Moore, Celine Julia Felix Unicef ​​Social Policy Officer and Rhea Mars Chester Communications Officer Unicef ​​pose with children at the Health Fair at Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain on Saturday. – PHOTO BY JEFF K […]]]>

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From left, Alana Shura USAID covid19 response coordinator, U.S. Embassy Chargé d’Affaires Shante Moore, Celine Julia Felix Unicef ​​Social Policy Officer and Rhea Mars Chester Communications Officer Unicef ​​pose with children at the Health Fair at Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain on Saturday. – PHOTO BY JEFF K MAYERS

Education Minister Dr Nyan Gadsby-Dolly said the pandemic underscored the need for people to be healthy and urged parents to start with their children.

She was speaking at an event organized by the ministry and Unicef ​​in commemoration of Universal Children’s Day, at Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain on Saturday.

Asja College Sea Scouts at the Ministry of Education, USAID and Unicef ​​walkathon and health fair around Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain on Saturday. – PHOTO BY JEFF K MAYERS

Hundreds of children, their parents and loved ones attended the health and wellness fair in the parking lot where several health-conscious booths were set up.

Gadsby-Dolly, in a brief address, said: “What covid has brought before is the fact that we have to focus on our health. What we have seen and what we have been through has shown us that ‘As we move forward, our learnings must be centered around the health of all of us and it must start with our children.’

Two-year-old Tennessy Davis receives her flu shot from nurse Valerie Baptiste with help from nurse Susma Ramkisson at the Ministry of Education, USAID Walkathon and Health Fair and Unicef ​​around Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain on Saturday. – PHOTO BY JEFF K MAYERS

Celine Julia-Felix, Unicef’s Social Policy Officer in the Eastern Caribbean, focused on the inclusion of children. “In the same way that you want to have spaces to play within your community, there are other children who may look different from you, move in a different way because they need to be helped, come from a different country or speak a different language. They want to play too, so try to include them.”

One booth had a vaccination site and dental health advice and gave customers the chance to get a flu shot and learn how to take care of their teeth.

Arusha Davis said she was grateful for the vaccination booth as it meant she had one less thing to worry about.

She added, “Besides that, I liked the whole vibe of coming out after covid19. Just having a place to relax after a hard week at work. So far it’s been really good despite time.”

Her daughter Dania Song said she enjoyed the fair because she was able to socialize more after the isolation during the covid19 pandemic. Although her mother’s favorite stand was the vaccination stand, hers was the Creamery stand where she had sugar-free vanilla ice cream.

Another kid at the fair, six-year-old Bryant Hypolite, said he loved the crowds at the Savannah and was happy to get the flu shot because ‘it didn’t hurt at all’ .

Guests were also allowed to try their hand at archery with Marc Ainsley John, National Scout Commissioner of the TT Scout Association. John said archery is just one of many programs offered by the association and he wants to educate young people to embrace the outdoors and learn and develop new skills. Some of these skills are camping, cooking, and hiking.

Participants in the health walkathon and fair organized by the Ministry of Education, USAID and Unicef ​​as they moved through the Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain, on Saturday. – PHOTO BY JEFF K MAYERS

“We also teach environmental awareness because the outdoors is our home, we want to make sure young people learn to care for the environment.”

The TT Girl Guides Association was also there to try to get girls and young women to use their services and teachings. One of their young leaders, Abia Smith, said that since the age of five she has been part of the association and has learned to be more confident and to master management skills.

Association commissioner Helena Stoute-Joseph said: “People tend to think, ‘Oh, they like to cook and sew,’ but we do all that plus everything modern.”

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New York disbars leftist lawyers who torched police vehicle https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/new-york-disbars-leftist-lawyers-who-torched-police-vehicle/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 22:42:55 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/new-york-disbars-leftist-lawyers-who-torched-police-vehicle/ New York has disbarred the two left-leaning attorneys who pleaded guilty to bombing a police vehicle during the George Floyd riots in May 2020. The New York Appeals Division ruled on Tuesday that Colinford Mattis and Urooj Rahman’s guilty pleas qualified them for the state’s automatic disbarment provision, Reuters reported. The court order dates their […]]]>

New York has disbarred the two left-leaning attorneys who pleaded guilty to bombing a police vehicle during the George Floyd riots in May 2020.

The New York Appeals Division ruled on Tuesday that Colinford Mattis and Urooj Rahman’s guilty pleas qualified them for the state’s automatic disbarment provision, Reuters reported. The court order dates their disbarment to June, when the couple pleaded guilty to throwing a Molotov cocktail at an NYPD car. Both attorneys told U.S. District Judge Brian Cogan at the time that they understood their guilty pleas would cost them their licenses.

In September, Rahman’s lawyers requested a commutation of her sentence, saying she was intoxicated the night of the attack and had suffered “untreated trauma” resulting from “abusive partnership relationships and “early trauma” of being mocked as a Muslim after 9/11. . Rahman and Mattis negotiated in June their potential sentences of 10 years up to a maximum of 5 years.

The couple say Trump’s Justice Department brought federal charges to make an example of them, and Rahman’s attorneys say their client’s “commitment to social justice” should earn her a reduced sentence.

But prosecutors argue Rahman and Mattis “abdicated their responsibilities as lawyers” and cite text messages showing the duo’s attack was premeditated.

“Bring it to their necks,” Mattis sent to Rahman before sharing the location of NYPD headquarters. “Molotovs roll,” Rahman replied. “I hope they burn everything down. All the police stations should be burnt down and probably the courts too.”

Rahman is expected to be sentenced on Friday. Mattis’ hearing is scheduled for December 16.

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Ethnic minority employment on the rise, but pay gap persists https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ethnic-minority-employment-on-the-rise-but-pay-gap-persists/ Mon, 14 Nov 2022 11:29:46 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ethnic-minority-employment-on-the-rise-but-pay-gap-persists/ According to a study by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, ethnic gaps in employment have “substantially” closed since the 1990s, but wage inequalities persist. The think tank’s Deaton Review of Inequalities study, published today (14 November), found that differences in ethnic minority employment rates are much smaller than in the mid-1990s, when men black Africans […]]]>

According to a study by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, ethnic gaps in employment have “substantially” closed since the 1990s, but wage inequalities persist.

The think tank’s Deaton Review of Inequalities study, published today (14 November), found that differences in ethnic minority employment rates are much smaller than in the mid-1990s, when men black Africans and Bangladeshis had nearly 30 percentage points lower employment rates than their white counterparts. counterparts.

In 2019, that figure was 2 or 3 percentage points, according to the IFS. However, female participation rates differ more markedly between ethnicities, with working-age Bangladeshi and Pakistani women being more than 30 percentage points less likely to be active in the labor market than white British women.

In terms of remuneration, inequalities differ enormously according to ethnicity. Median weekly earnings of black Caribbean men were 13% lower than white British men in 2019, while Pakistani and Bangladeshi men earned 22% and 42% less respectively. However, Indian men’s earnings were 13% higher.

Educational performance for most minority ethnic groups in the UK has improved compared to whites, the IFS found, although people from black Caribbean backgrounds are the exception.

Bangladeshi pupils are now 5 percentage points more likely to get good maths and a GCSE in English than white British pupils than 15 years ago, but black pupils in the Caribbean have still fallen behind.

Students from all major minority groups were more likely than white students to attend university, although the proportion of university students attending the most competitive institutions was lower than that of white British students. The same goes for those who complete their degree and get a good grade.

Heidi Safia Mirza, a visiting professor in the department of social policy at the London School of Economics, said understanding ethnic inequality in the UK was “a moral, political and economic priority”.

“The picture is neither universally positive nor universally bleak,” she said. “Most ethnic minority groups in the UK are doing better than they used to be and are doing particularly well in education.

“On the other hand, most continue to earn less than their white British counterparts, and all earn less on average than we would expect given their education, background and occupation.

“The evidence of discrimination in the labor market is clear and inequalities in wealth are likely to prove particularly difficult to reduce. Policy makers need to understand and acknowledge all of these nuances and complexities if we are to make further progress in tackling remaining inequalities.

The government failed to make ethnic pay gap reporting a legal requirement earlier this year, but said it would help employers reduce the impact of prejudice on underrepresented groups at work .

Professor Imran Rasul, research director at IFS, said it was important to consider the differences not only between the experiences of ethnic minorities and white people, but also the differences between different ethnic groups.

“The differences between the groups are greater than the differences between the white majority and the ethnic minority population taken as a whole,” he said.

“This understanding is a first step towards an effective policy response. We also need to better understand the causes of differences within and between ethnic minorities in the education and justice systems, and in the labor market.

The IFS research was released the same day as data from the Social Mobility Foundation showing a class pay gap of around 13%, an inequality that is accentuated for those who are both ethnic minority and the working class.

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Republicans campaigning on education’s culture war lost key races https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/republicans-campaigning-on-educations-culture-war-lost-key-races/ Thu, 10 Nov 2022 11:38:17 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/republicans-campaigning-on-educations-culture-war-lost-key-races/ Comment this story Comment This week’s election results challenged the power of culture war education policy, as a string of Republicans who weighed in on the issue lost close races or followed their adversaries. There have been victors, of course, including Florida Governor Ron DeSantis (right), whose battle against what he calls ‘woke ideology’ has […]]]>

Comment

This week’s election results challenged the power of culture war education policy, as a string of Republicans who weighed in on the issue lost close races or followed their adversaries.

There have been victors, of course, including Florida Governor Ron DeSantis (right), whose battle against what he calls ‘woke ideology’ has made him the culture’s foremost warrior country education. He was easily re-elected. Incumbent GOP governors in Texas and Georgia, who had adopted similar policies, also won. And while the results of school board races across the country were still being analyzed, it was clear that the culture war conservatives were scoring victories in races across the country.

But in some of Tuesday’s most high-profile and narrow races, sweeping attacks on gender identity, patriotism and parental rights appear to have been insufficient for victory. Republican gubernatorial candidates who trumpeted these issues in Michigan, Wisconsin and Maine lost, and Kansas and Arizona candidates who did the same trailed their opponents in close contests.

Details varied, but conservatives argued, among other things, that schools teach kids to hate America, encourage students to change gender, circulate pornographic library books, allow “biological boys” (c i.e. transgender girls) to participate in girl’s sports and go into hiding. what they teach parents.

They rallied around the idea of ​​parents’ right to stop all of the above.

Some strategists from both parties have argued that these questions work better with Republican voters than with independent or swing voters. Each of Tuesday’s races was affected by multiple factors, but the results provided evidence for that argument.

An explosion of culture war laws is changing schools. Here’s how.

In Michigan, Republican gubernatorial candidate Tudor Dixon and her allies campaigned hard on education issues in her unsuccessful challenge to Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer. A group backed by former education secretary Betsy DeVos who backed Dixon has spent millions on ads such as one accusing “Under Gretchen Whitmer, radicals want a drag queen in every class, indoctrinating our children”.

In Wisconsin, incumbent Democratic Gov. Tony Evers has focused on school funding. His Republican opponent, Tim Michels, has promised to expand a school voucher program and enact a parent’s bill of rights.

“Parents need to know if schools are focusing more on math and reading — or instead offering a curriculum rooted in critical race theory, which identifies and divides students into oppressors or oppressed,” Michels said on his site. Campaign web, referring to the intellectual movement. examining how policies perpetuate the systemic racism that Republicans have used as a catch-all label for schools’ teachings about race.

In Maine, Republicans attacked Governor Janet Mills, a Democrat, for a video posted on a state website featuring various online lessons telling kindergartners that sometimes doctors make mistakes when telling parents whether their babies are boys or girls. In Kansas, Governor Laura Kelly (D) was beaten for vetoing two bills banning transgender girls and women from competing on women’s sports teams.

But those attacks did not lead their supporters to victory, and the results call into question whether Republicans have learned the right lessons from recent history, said Michael Petrilli, president of the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, a conservative think tank.

A year ago, Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin, a Republican, showed how education could be a winning issue for his party when he was elected in a state that President Biden won by 10 percentage points. in 2020. Youngkin campaigned on a promise to protect upright parents and criticized school closures, mask mandates, and what he called critical race theory in schools.

Pandemic issues have receded as schools have reopened and masks have become optional virtually everywhere, but many GOP members have continued to press issues of race and, more recently, gender identity. gender. Republican legislatures in 25 states have enacted restrictions on how teachers can talk about race and gender in the classroom and on access to restrooms and sports teams for transgender students.

New Critical Race Theory Laws Scare, Confuse and Self-Censor Teachers

And conservatives have taken these attacks to the campaign trail, first in the GOP primaries and then, in many states, in the general election.

“People looked at Youngkin’s win and thought it would be a new way to win in the purple states,” Petrilli said. “What happened this year seems to raise real questions about this strategy.”

Lanae Erickson, senior vice president for social policy, education and politics at Third Way, a centrist Democratic think tank that advises candidates, added that her group’s research suggests culture war attacks are effective. in the GOP primaries but not in the general election.

Voters in several states appeared on Tuesday in tune with Democrats on education, which has traditionally been an area of ​​strength for the party.

In conservative West Virginia, voters strongly rejected a proposed amendment to the state constitution that would have limited the power of the state Board of Education. Conservative critics felt the council was doing too little to address how race is taught in classrooms and to advance “school choice” programs. The proposal would have given the legislation the final say on council policies.

And voters in five states approved ballot measures that in different ways increase funding for education, a strategy favored by Democrats to improve schools. In California, there will be new funds for arts education, and in Colorado, for school lunches. In Idaho, voters agreed to spend a state budget surplus, in part, on education.

Keri Rodrigues, president of the National Union of Parents, a group that does not align itself with either party, said she has long argued that economic, not cultural, issues motivate parents.

“We tried like hell to focus the conversation on the things parents care about,” she said. “We’ve wasted a lot of time talking about these things now, and we really don’t have time to waste.”

The election results have been discouraging for parent activists who have been spurred on by the issues, said Nicole Neily, president of Parents Defending Education, a group that collects examples of schools it considers guilty of liberal indoctrination. But she said it was “the first rodeo” for many involved, and the movement will continue to grow despite headwinds from teachers’ unions and others.

Gender identity classes, banned in some schools, are on the rise in others

“A number of parents are deflated, disappointed,” she said. However, “the parents are enthusiastic. They don’t go away. »

Many of these battles are happening at the local level, including in school board races across the country. It was difficult to immediately draw general conclusions about these results, although it was clear that both sides had scored victories.

In Florida, DeSantis weighed in with the endorsements of 30 school board candidates this year, and 24 were elected, including six who faced a runoff on Tuesday. Conservative groups such as Moms for Liberty and the 1776 PAC also made endorsements in Florida and across the country, and many of those candidates won as well.

Alicia Farrant, who has been endorsed by DeSantis and Moms for Liberty, won a school board seat in Orange County, Florida, after making “curriculum transparency” a focus of her campaign. She appeared alongside DeSantis this year at the signing ceremony for the statewide “transparency in education” bill, which requires teachers to publish their teaching materials. During the signing, Farrant shared a story about the “exposure” of a sexually graphic book that she said was readily available in her county school libraries.

Following her victory on Tuesday, she posted a Facebook video of herself celebrating alongside her family. “A lot of people said I was just a mom, but I know I’m more than a mom. I’m a warrior,” she said.

Similarly, in Minnesota, conservative candidates campaigning on parental rights scored statewide victories, winning 15 of the 19 races they devoted campaign resources to, said Minnesota Parents Alliance, an advocacy group. conservative.

But in Wake County, North Carolina, and Lafayette, Indiana, school board candidates who supported book bans and restrictions on gender and race education were defeated, in some cases by substantial margins.

And in a Houston suburb, a slate of conservative challengers failed to weed out school board incumbents who were also conservative but didn’t focus on identity issues.

Leslie Johnson, a small-business owner and active member of the parent-teacher organization in Tomball, Texas, identifies as conservative. But she said she felt discouraged by the accusatory and mean-spirited tone of the culture war contenders in the local race. Their claims about pornographic material at Tomball schools didn’t match his experience, and they didn’t give examples of which books on which campuses, Johnson said. The claims about indoctrination seemed to be adapted from elsewhere.

In April, the challengers sent letters to 2,000 locals saying the librarians had used taxpayers’ money to attend a conference “which featured Drag Queen speakers,” complete with photos of the librarians.

“It just became this thing, like, you scare everyone in the district,” said Johnson, who voted against defenders making those arguments. “It’s just not right, for me.”

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Joseph Shapiro | WSIU https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/joseph-shapiro-wsiu/ Sat, 05 Nov 2022 15:19:32 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/joseph-shapiro-wsiu/ Joseph Shapiro is a correspondent for NPR News Investigations. Shapiro’s major investigative stories include his reports on how rising fines and court costs create an unequal justice system for the poor and the rise of “modern debtor’s prisons”, college failure and universities to punish sexual assault on campus, the epidemic of sexual assault of people […]]]>

Joseph Shapiro is a correspondent for NPR News Investigations.

Shapiro’s major investigative stories include his reports on how rising fines and court costs create an unequal justice system for the poor and the rise of “modern debtor’s prisons”, college failure and universities to punish sexual assault on campus, the epidemic of sexual assault of people with intellectual disabilities, the problems of solitary confinement, the inadequacy of civil rights laws aimed at bringing out the elderly and people disabilities in nursing homes, and the unknown profits linked to the production of medicines produced from donated human corpses.

His “Child Cases” series, reported with PBS Frontline and ProPublica, found two dozen cases in the United States and Canada where parents and caregivers were accused of killing children, but the charges were later overturned. or abandoned. Since that series, a Texas man who was at the center of a story has been released from prison. And in California, a woman who was the subject of another story had her sentence commuted.

Shapiro joined NPR in November 2001 and spent eight years covering health, aging, disability, and child and family issues on the science desk. He reported on the health issues of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan and helped launch NPR’s 2005 Impact of war series with reporting from Walter Reed Army Medical Center and the National Naval Medical Center. He has covered stories ranging from Hurricane Katrina to the debate over overhauling the country’s health care system.

Prior to joining NPR, Shapiro spent 19 years at US news and world reportas a senior social policy editor and served as the magazine’s Rome bureau chief, White House correspondent, and congressional reporter.

Among honors for his investigative journalism, Shapiro received an award from Alfred I. duPont University-Columbia, the George Foster Peabody Award, the George Polk Award, the Robert F. Kennedy Award, the Edward R. Murrow Award , Sigma Delta Chi, IRE, Dart, Ruderman, and Gracie Awards, and was a finalist for the Goldsmith Award.

Shapiro is the author of the award-winning book NO PITY: People with disabilities are forging a new civil rights movement (Random House/Three Rivers Press), widely read in disability studies courses.

Shapiro studied long-term care and end-of-life issues as a participant in the 1997, year-long Kaiser Media Fellowship in Health program. In 1990, he explored the changing world of people with disabilities as an Alicia Patterson Foundation Fellow.

Shapiro attended Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism and Carleton College. He is originally from Washington, DC, and now lives there with his family.

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Why it matters that Elon Musk deleted a tweet about Paul Pelosi on Twitter https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/why-it-matters-that-elon-musk-deleted-a-tweet-about-paul-pelosi-on-twitter/ Mon, 31 Oct 2022 04:22:19 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/why-it-matters-that-elon-musk-deleted-a-tweet-about-paul-pelosi-on-twitter/ Comment this story Comment Elon Musk, who has more than 100 million followers, had owned Twitter for less than three full days when he shared a post with misinformation and then deleted it hours later. On Sunday, he posted a response to Hillary Clinton that “there is a small possibility that there is more to […]]]>

Comment

Elon Musk, who has more than 100 million followers, had owned Twitter for less than three full days when he shared a post with misinformation and then deleted it hours later.

On Sunday, he posted a response to Hillary Clinton that “there is a small possibility that there is more to this story” behind the attack on Paul Pelosi in San Francisco, in connection with an opinion piece in the Santa Monica Observer, a site described by fact checkers as an untrustworthy source favoring the far right.

The article claimed without evidence that Pelosi was drunk at the time of the assault and “in an argument with a prostitute.” The article, which has been amplified by several right-wing figures, cites no source and attributes its content to IMHO – internet shorthand for “in my humble opinion”.

Musk faced an immediate and widespread backlash from users who said the tweet revealed his ownership of Twitter was not serious and accused him of promoting an unfounded conspiracy theory.

One commentator, Yael Eisenstat, vice president of the Anti Defamation League and former Facebook executive, noted on Twitter that Musk appeared to be breaking his own promise to advertisers last week that the site would not become “hell” under his ownership. .

Another Twitter user, David Rothkopf, a former Clinton administration official and political pundit with nearly 293,000 Twitter followers, suggested that Musk should eventually ban himself.

Hours later, Musk deleted his tweet. It was not immediately clear what prompted him to do so.

Pelosi attack causes false information to spread

But it highlights the conflict Musk faces as he takes over a social media platform whose moderation policies he consistently criticizes as too strict while promising he won’t allow it to become a free for all of which advertisers might not want to associate themselves with. . Already, Musk has had to acknowledge that suspended accounts like former President Donald Trump’s won’t be reinstated until a hitherto undefined “moderation council” convenes to determine policy.

Neither Musk nor Twitter responded to a request for comment.

Musk has one of the largest audiences of any public figure on Twitter and is among its most prolific tweeters. He has a history of using his account to promote or hint at misinformation, and to interact with and amplify a circle of prominent right-wing influencers online.

Before concluding his purchase of Twitter, Musk expressed a broad view of free speech, arguing for little policing beyond platforms suppressing speech that was clearly illegal. This approach would exclude control of misinformation, misinformation, harassment, bullying and other content that Twitter and other social media companies take action against, through a system of removals, warnings and silent demotions known as “phantom bans”.

But this willingness to spread disinformation – or reinforce it by using the tactic of “just raising questions” – could create major conflicts for him and for Twitter now that he owns the company.

Musk’s tweet on Sunday didn’t appear to violate any of Twitter’s current rules because it was phrased as a question and because the types of misinformation bans on Twitter are quite limited. It’s unclear if he was pressured inside Twitter or from advertisers before he removed it.

Historically, social media business owners, such as Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, have tried to avoid controversial public political opinions because they don’t want to be seen as putting their thumb on the ladder for algorithms. that govern public expression. Additionally, social media platforms, including Twitter, have made a point of nudging the public to authoritative sources of information to counter the proliferation of misinformation about their services. Placing selected links and tags to reputable news sites is a key part of Twitter and other companies’ strategies to combat misleading content.

Advertisers, who are Twitter’s main source of income, have also been known to protest this content. A boycott of Facebook by advertisers in 2020 helped force this social media platform to adopt tougher hate speech policies.

“Musk owning Twitter is like putting the fox in charge of the chicken coop when it comes to political misinformation,” said Joan Donovan, research director of the Technology and Social Change Research Project at the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy. School. “When he was just a user, it didn’t matter as much as it does now, because people can come to distrust the platform if they don’t trust the core values. of the owner.”

Donovan said Musk’s tweet failed to recognize Twitter’s value as a place where people seek authoritative information on everything from geopolitical disputes to elections.

Elon Musk takes control of Twitter

“We imagine that in order to be considered a trusted interlocutor, like a politician, a business leader or a journalist, he would care about the quality of information in the so-called public square,” she said, adding that he should publish a corrigendum.

Twitter largely does not prohibit misinformation, except in certain cases. The company has a ‘crisis misinformation policy’, launched earlier this year during the Ukraine war, which allows the company to put a warning and downgrade content that ‘distorts conditions on the ground’ as a conflict evolves.

The company also prohibits “deep fakes” or the posting of any image or video that has been manipulated, as well as misinformation about the coronavirus. Content that deliberately attempts to mislead the public about voting processes or the outcome of an election is downgraded by the Company’s algorithms and may receive warning labels and links to authoritative information.

In 2020, Musk tweeted that “kids are basically immune” to covid-19, a comment that seemed to clash with Twitter’s content ban that contradicts established public health information about the virus (kids of all ages can contract and experience complications from the coronavirus, according to the Mayo Clinic, although they are less likely to become seriously ill).

Elon Musk’s return erratic: During coronavirus, Tesla CEO spreads misinformation and over-promises about ventilators

In 2018, Musk tweeted that he had “funding secured” to take Tesla private at $420 per share, leading the Securities and Exchange Commission to accuse him of misleading investors. Musk and the SEC settled in, leading Musk to relinquish his chairmanship of Tesla’s board and for him and the company to each pay $20 million in fines.

He has also deleted tweets in the past. Just this month, Musk tweeted and then deleted a meme that showed he, former President Donald Trump, and rapper and fashion designer Ye (formerly Kanye West) were dominating on various social networks (Ye bought the conservative network Talk and Trump controls his own network, TruthSocial). Twitter users captured screenshots of the tweet, which read “In retrospect, it was inevitable.”

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Exploring Freshman Work with Cal Poly Pomona’s Architecture Foundation Design Studio | Features https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/exploring-freshman-work-with-cal-poly-pomonas-architecture-foundation-design-studio-features/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 16:10:24 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/exploring-freshman-work-with-cal-poly-pomonas-architecture-foundation-design-studio-features/ anchor ARC 1011A studio project by B.Arch student Raneem Awad. Studio coordinator: Robert Alexander. Associate coordinator: Claudia Wainer. Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC). Let’s continue with our new Archinect Studio Pin-Up Series, we feature work from Cal Poly Pomona’s Department of Architecture (CPP ARC) freshman spring studio. […]]]>

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ARC 1011A studio project by B.Arch student Raneem Awad. Studio coordinator: Robert Alexander. Associate coordinator: Claudia Wainer. Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Let’s continue with our new Archinect Studio Pin-Up Series, we feature work from Cal Poly Pomona’s Department of Architecture (CPP ARC) freshman spring studio. The ARC 1011A Foundation design studio is led by studio coordinator Robert Alexander (CPP alumnus and coordinator of the architecture department’s freshman design studio) and associate coordinator Claudia Wainer (CPP ARC lecturer and senior associate in architecture at OWUI).

This course provides students with an “introduction to the design process through studio projects addressing the role of process in the development of form. Focus on drawing and model building as a means of seeing and understanding”.

*Are you an architecture instructor or student participating in an exciting studio? We are currently accepting submissions for our Archinect Studio Pin-Ups series. Contact us here for a chance to be featured.

Summary of the workshop: “Cal Poly Pomona’s first-year core curriculum spring studios typically see students further integrate and develop their knowledge of tectonics, building organization, and analysis that they began at the autumn while continuing to develop their digital representation and design. This semester’s project was divided into two parts, the first part of which focused on the analysis of the context, materials and landscape of the campus in and around Building 7 of our College, designed by Los Angeles architect Carl Maston, a small campus building for the college.”

Students working in the studio. Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

“The students used photography and drawings as well as their own research on buildings of similar typologies to come up with a new 12,000 square foot ENV library/archive and design for the plaza adjacent to the existing building. The studio’s goal was for students to begin working with the basic design tools of site analysis, to understand the elements of landscaping, and to create projects that had a strong relationship to the existing context and topography of the campus.

Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

“It was important at this early stage in the education of design students that their proposals incorporate lessons learned from previous lectures and courses dealing with materiality and tectonics and, most importantly, that they are able to demonstrate a clear organizational strategy for the construction program and its components.”

Draw pin-ups

Project by Natalie Kim (Claudia Wainer Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Project by Natalie Kim (Claudia Wainer Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Project by Addison Perry (Samuel Clovis Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Project by Addison Perry (Samuel Clovis Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Project by Raneem Awad (Samuel Clovis Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Project by Raneem Awad (Samuel Clovis Section). Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Students working in the studio

Students working in the studio. Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Modeling. Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Image courtesy of Cal Poly Pomona Department of Architecture (CPP ARC).

Workshop teachers: Robert Alexander (studio coordinator) and Claudia Wainer (associate coordinator)

Learn more about Cal Poly Pomona’s architecture department and past editorial coverage by exploring their Archinect school profile.
















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Halloween is scary, but so is April Fools https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/halloween-is-scary-but-so-is-april-fools/ Mon, 24 Oct 2022 23:01:29 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/halloween-is-scary-but-so-is-april-fools/ The federal government’s fiscal year begins each April Fool’s Day. There is a ton of work done before the Minister of Finance gets up in the House and tells us how our money will be spent for the year from April 1, 2023 to March 31, 2024.Currently, the House of Commons Finance Committee is talking […]]]>

The federal government’s fiscal year begins each April Fool’s Day. There is a ton of work done before the Minister of Finance gets up in the House and tells us how our money will be spent for the year from April 1, 2023 to March 31, 2024.
Currently, the House of Commons Finance Committee is talking privately with selected Canadians to hear suggestions for next year’s budget – the pre-budget consultations. Then, around April Fool’s Day, the Minister of Finance will present the government’s plans for fiscal, economic and social policy — the budget. Then, in the House of Commons, there will be an all-party debate about whether to approve the budget. With the configuration of political parties in the House, there is little chance that the budget will be defeated.
What is approved is not the end. There might be unforeseen events that will require more spending. Thus, usually three times a year, in November, February and May, the government publishes supplementary budgets which must also be approved by Parliament.
If you’re not careful, it’s more than a little confusing. Because while some officials and politicians are thinking and talking about NEXT year’s budget, others are putting the finishing touches on a report on LAST year’s budget. Soon, this month or next, you’ll hear about how much revenue Ottawa actually collected and how much it actually spent in the last fiscal year.
The Financial Administration Act requires the Minister of Finance to table a report on how much the government expects to borrow in the coming fiscal year, including why the money will be borrowed and how the debt will be managed. This is important because everyone wants to be able to borrow money when they need it at the lowest possible rates. So, just like people, governments must show that they are debt-free and that they are bringing in enough money to be able to pay the interest on the debt and possibly the principal itself.
In 2022, the federal debt per person is projected to be $47,070, the third highest amount in Canadian history (behind only 2020 and 2021). That’s more than 25% higher than debt per person before COVID in 2019. Despite this, global rating agencies like Moody’s and Fitch give Canada an AA+ for its “well-regulated financial markets, monetary and fiscal flexibility.” and its economic resilience.
Good for us. Indeed, so good for us that a few months ago, when interest rates were in the 1.5-2% range, the Bank of Canada canceled a planned sale of long-term bonds which were due to expire in 2064. She did, she said. , because Canada’s borrowing needs declined while its balance sheet improved due to higher inflation. The government has the authority to borrow an additional $513 billion for 2022-23, or $131,852 on behalf of each of us. The Minister of Finance thinks she will only borrow $435 billion, or only $111,825/person. If she’s wrong, interest rates are double what they were a few months ago.
We now know that high amounts of federal debt can also cause the government to raise taxes in the future, which imposes the cost of past spending on future generations. If Canada is in such good financial health compared to other countries, what does that say about them? Several countries, including the UK, are already struggling to borrow money. Is a global credit crunch in our future?

Dian Cohen, CM, OM, Economist
cohendian560@gmail.com

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A heroic prime minister ahead of her time – OpEd – Eurasia Review https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/a-heroic-prime-minister-ahead-of-her-time-oped-eurasia-review/ Fri, 21 Oct 2022 23:40:47 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/a-heroic-prime-minister-ahead-of-her-time-oped-eurasia-review/ After the shortest Prime Ministerial term in British history, there is no doubt that the socialist agenda has become an absolute mainstream in world politics. The socialist agenda becomes the core of all influential political elites, both those seeking and those holding the mandate of power, in all developed countries. This means that we must […]]]>

After the shortest Prime Ministerial term in British history, there is no doubt that the socialist agenda has become an absolute mainstream in world politics.

The socialist agenda becomes the core of all influential political elites, both those seeking and those holding the mandate of power, in all developed countries. This means that we must be soberly aware of the inevitable threats and devastating consequences for the civilized world which de facto socialism, as a system of socio-political and economic order, brings with it.

I deliberately did not use the term “ideology” here for an obvious reason: current socialism is not an ideological doctrine under which the economic and political order changes. The current metastases of state expansion are successive shifts within the political mainstream, veiled in public political rhetoric by past assumptions of market value, freedom, entrepreneurship, the primacy of individual rights , etc. Such changes are of an evolutionary nature and do not have an instantaneous effect, since they gradually extend the rights of the state with simultaneously a more or less linear dating of the population and a coherent subjection of economic agents to state redistribution. .

All the economic and social policy of the developed countries since September 11, 2001 has aimed precisely at this: the effective expansion of the redistributive mandate of the State. The widest range of external and internal threats, from terrorist attacks to cybercrime to pandemics, has been the logical backdrop for the transformation of the political consciousness of Western society, which has assimilated a dominant idea: the dangers and uncertainties of the modern world dictate the need for maximum protectionism.

In the logic of the social contract, society voluntarily accepted the empowerment of the state in exchange for the reduction of its rights and opportunities. Voluntarily does not mean consciously, and this applies to both society and the state. Rather, we are talking here about the conditioned behavior of society and the state, represented by political elites. I am infinitely far from the senseless conspiracy that is unfortunately inherent in the extreme spectrum of “right-wing” thought, which imposes myths about one world government and promotes the control of all world processes by mythical titans. Having no desire to comment on all these conspiracy theories, I will only say that the very idea that socio-economic processes can be modeled, constructed and controlled in a given vector contradicts in the long run the very essence of libertarian philosophy. , literally postulating the following: it is impossible to account for all the possible factors and configurations for a deliberate manipulation of social processes and the economy as complex and open self-organizing systems.

However, it is evident that the adaptation brought about by conditionally external triggers has become a rather endogenous process of transforming socio-political preferences and the highly conditioned behavior of society and political elites.

At the same time, it must be understood that this state of affairs primarily benefits political elites as political rent seekers. The emerging societal demand for paternalism and protectionism that political entrepreneurs have begun to see as an unconditional opportunity to benefit today and tomorrow. This led to an even more intensive stimulation of this demand from the population, determining the trajectory of the movement in an expanding spiral: the more there is, the more there is. The big problem is only that this approach drastically narrows the planning horizons of political entrepreneurs, which signifies their reluctance, perhaps sometimes degenerating into an inability to trace the perniciousness of satisfying and maintaining such popular intentions from a civilizational perspective. longer.

The consequences of this erosion that we have seen and experienced over the past 20 years. The exorbitant expansion of state expenditure and the growth of social subsidies were made possible naturally by hypertrophied monetary expansion and deep and wide expansion of the state in economic processes. On the one hand, the state constantly props up bad and inefficient businesses, taking away resources that could have been used much more effectively by more successful businesses. On the other hand, the increase in taxes and the tightening of regulations which are inevitable for the implementation of such a policy of “common welfare” hit hardest the most efficient economic agents, who are the main driver of market economy, job creators. , develop and implement new technologies for widespread use. At the same time, the active growth of government infrastructure programs and government contracts, as another type of government spending, distorts the competitive environment and opportunities for market players, increasingly concentrating opportunities in the hands of political elites.

Socialism is in fact a linear redistribution by the state of benefits directly to the people. Taking care of the population in the form of direct redistribution in its favor results in the aggravation of crises and, in the long run, in collapse. If the state redistributes directly to the population, or at least sinks further and further into such a modus operandi of economic and social policy, this automatically means fewer opportunities for entrepreneurs and producers.

The bloated monetary expansion along with the quantitative easing programs was, in fact, a move in precisely that direction, in the direction of de facto socialism. Government leverage is primarily consumer driven, i.e. inflating consumer demand. Quantitative easing and the buying up of bad assets on the balance sheet is a de facto intervention in a competitive market environment, with the same objective: to preserve consumption potential and social stability by preserving employment, even if these are jobs in inefficient industries.

It is in the quasi-socialist paradigm that the poor live better and better at the expense of the rich, while the rich begin to live worse and worse. But it is the rich, and therefore the most enterprising and productive, who create added value and ensure technological development, allowing the less rich to live better by participating in the creation of goods and increasing productive efficiency, rather than ‘directly receiving goods’, for nothing’, without participating in this process.

The task of the state is not to take from one, the most efficient, and give to another, less efficient. The task of a civilized free state is to enable as many people as possible to create added value and to participate in this process. This is true inclusion, not at all what left-wing governments in developed countries have in mind, i.e. the equalization of inequalities through the state, in fact, the directive redistribution of richer to less rich.

But to secure such conditions, the state must give up many things it has already got its hands on. More importantly, it must sharply reduce the redistribution mandate and create positive market conditions such as inducing supply, i.e. production, rather than stimulating demand, i.e. say consumption. It requires improving the competitive environment and stopping crushing the economy with government orders and ineffective business support, it requires relaxing protective regulations, it requires lowering taxes, it requires lowering social spending, this finally requires leveling and stabilizing inflation – sharply reducing and bringing monetary expansion back at least to Friedman’s rule.

But such decisions require a strategic vision and longer planning horizons for all socio-political actors, because the consequences of such decisions could be painful tomorrow, although necessary and purifying. Reagan, Thatcher, and Kohl had the courage to make such decisions and think long-term, resulting in two decades of economic growth, social stability, and technological development in developed countries in the 1980s and 1990s. positive externalities, we also achieved the liberalization and democratization of the rigid autocracies of the USSR and China.

Something similar was going to be done by Liz Truss. Tax cuts for the rich and businesses, cuts in social spending, maintaining a tight monetary policy were the main points of his program. The harsh reaction and rejection of such measures by the public, investors and above all all political elites, including members of his party, says only one thing: nobody wants the party to end and the face of drink come tomorrow.

The reaction of the markets and the rise in government debt yields do not speak of bad decisions by Truss, they only speak of the fragile and unsustainable state of the economy and the social system if bailout decisions provoke such a reaction panicked and hysterical. This economic condition is the result of the very policies of leftist bias and statism of the past 20 years in the developed world.

Liz Truss timidly attempted to make such difficult cleaning decisions by trying to think long term. The result was a fiasco of his initiatives. The reason for this end is obvious: the political elites are not ready to give up their growing rights and opportunities for rent-seeking political entrepreneurship, and the population, investors and productive businesses are not ready to tolerate disadvantages today in order to obtain very good results. opportunities tomorrow. The system is in a bad balance and so far neither side is willing to upset it, until the appropriate trigger occurs. The bad news is only that in today’s world, this potential trigger is likely to be far more dangerous and destructive than anything previously known.

In the meantime, let’s say thanks to Liz Truss. She was ahead of her time. At least she tried.

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