Social behaviour – Sociology Eso Science http://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ Wed, 21 Jul 2021 11:24:25 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-6-150x150.png Social behaviour – Sociology Eso Science http://www.sociologyesoscience.com/ 32 32 School behavior: Is there a link between vocabulary and behavior? https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/school-behavior-is-there-a-link-between-vocabulary-and-behavior/ Wed, 21 Jul 2021 11:05:00 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/school-behavior-is-there-a-link-between-vocabulary-and-behavior/ When children present behavioral problems at the start of primary school at the age of five, what impact can we predict that this will have on the rest of their school career? This is the question of a new research paper from the Institute of Education (IoE) at University College London, published in the British […]]]>

When children present behavioral problems at the start of primary school at the age of five, what impact can we predict that this will have on the rest of their school career?

This is the question of a new research paper from the Institute of Education (IoE) at University College London, published in the British Journal of Educational Research, attempted to answer by comparing the links between misconduct at age five and subsequent performance in a multiple-choice vocabulary test at age 15, and also comparing results between two different generations at age 30 d ‘interval.

The researchers used data from the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) which tracks the lives of over 17,000 people born in England, Scotland and Wales during a week in 1970, and the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), a similar study involving approximately 19,000 people. babies born between September 2000 and January 2002.

The results are vast, but the two main results of note for schools are:

  • Children who reported behavioral problems at age five performed worse on a vocabulary test as a teenager in both cohorts.
  • The adolescents in the MCS performed worse on the vocabulary test compared to the 1970s cohort.

Your spoke with Professor Alice Sullivan of the UCL Institute of Education, who participated in the study, to discuss what the results mean for teachers.

What did the behavior and vocabulary data tell you?

“We found that children with emotional and behavioral problems at age five (start of elementary school) had relatively limited vocabulary in adolescence, and children with severe behavioral and hyperactivity problems did. fact scored 12% less on a multiple choice vocabulary test at 14 and 16 years old.

“This was true for nationally representative two-generation cohorts born 30 years apart, in 1970 and 2000.”

Why do you think the children with behavioral difficulties in both cohorts performed worse on the vocabulary test?

“Using longitudinal data, following these children over time, has allowed us to demonstrate that these emotional and behavioral issues have a continuing impact on learning throughout the school years.

“This will come as no surprise to teachers because when you look at the types of factors that feed the scales for measuring childhood emotional and behavioral problems – irritable, disobedient, restless – these types of behaviors make learning more difficult. “

If the vocabulary test was the same in each study, why did the next generation perform worse? Were the words out of date?

“We wondered if the nature of the test made it less valid over time, but we looked at it very carefully and made sure to select the right items that worked for both cohorts.

“We looked to see if there was a drop in the use of the words used and we found no indication of a problem in the words we tested.”

What then could have been the cause of the decline?

“It could be a decrease in reading books compared to time spent on other activities, such as online activities, could have resulted in a decrease in vocabulary. [What we have] is only one piece of evidence, but it suggests the need for further investigation. “

What can schools do to help solve the problem?

“Behavioral issues are a major challenge for teachers because they affect the whole class, not just the disruptive child.

“In this study, the problems were reported by a parent, usually the mother. This tells us that parents are able to report their child’s problems accurately, suggesting that early communication between the teacher and the parents on behavioral and emotional issues could be helpful.

“As children with behavioral problems and / or poor vocabulary acquisition at school entry are often socio-economically disadvantaged as well, to best support children and their families, it is essential that policy solutions take into account all aspects of the family environment.

“If we tackle this early, children will have a better chance of avoiding the range of social and economic disadvantages in adulthood that research has shown are associated with early behavior problems and poor language acquisition.” .

Where do we go from here?

The results are clearly noticeable – and perhaps not a surprise. After all, like Alex Quigley, National Content Manager at the Education Endowment Foundation, former teacher and author of Close the reading gap, Notes, poor vocabulary mastery has always been considered a precursor to bad behavior.

“We know that having the vocabulary to express yourself is so crucial to learning, alongside your vast social and emotional development,” he says.

“Imagine, for example, if you are a young child at the reception who cannot confidently express your emotions verbally. Frustration and struggle are likely to characterize many of your school days. These small daily losses can inhibit your learning and turn out to have a long-term impact – from five to 15 years.

However, he adds that it is necessary to take a closer look at the links between behavior and vocabulary to avoid drawing incorrect or simplistic conclusions.

“It’s hard to disentangle the causes and correlations when it comes to a child’s vocabulary, language development and behaviors at school,” he says.

“Does their behavior and inability to self-regulate hamper their ability to learn in the classroom or does their limited vocabulary cause children to act and behave badly? “

It seems clear that the data will confirm to teachers and school leaders what we already know: paying close attention to vocabulary development is likely to pay academic dividends and offer vital behavioral, social, and emotional gains for students. children as well.

What should schools do now?

The other big issue raised by the research is why vocabulary test scores declined in the MCS group in the 2000s compared to the BCS study in the 1970s – and the impact this has on the behaviour.

A key question Quigley draws from this is that it is important to address the vocabulary needed to describe emotions with young children.

“[This data] highlights why it is so important to teach social and emotional skills, and the language of emotions, in elementary school, ”he says.

“Likewise, it is clearly important to teach vocabulary to access the curriculum explicitly and effectively in every classroom. Of course, we also need to support every teacher with healthy behavior systems so that they can establish those crucial daily routines that promote consistency and effective communication in the classroom.

However, the fact that this has diminished over time – despite the heavy emphasis on improving PSHE and broader mental health challenges – is concerning, Quigley notes.

“The evidence that teens today have more limited vocabulary than 30 years ago is striking and disturbing,” he says.

“More research is needed here, but the potential implications must be recognized by principals and teachers.”


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Teenager stabbed, reports of ‘knife fight’ force police crackdown https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/teenager-stabbed-reports-of-knife-fight-force-police-crackdown/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 15:48:57 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/teenager-stabbed-reports-of-knife-fight-force-police-crackdown/ Police have warned the troublemakers will be forced to leave Liverpool seafront in action triggered by reports of anti-social behavior. A brawl near M&S Bank Arena, a gang attack at Kings Dock and anti-social behavior have prompted reports to police in recent days. A knife was also recovered by members of the public, Merseyside police […]]]>

Police have warned the troublemakers will be forced to leave Liverpool seafront in action triggered by reports of anti-social behavior.

A brawl near M&S Bank Arena, a gang attack at Kings Dock and anti-social behavior have prompted reports to police in recent days.

A knife was also recovered by members of the public, Merseyside police said.

READ MORE:Body of missing 16-year-old boy found in river

The most serious incident took place around 9 p.m. on Monday, when the force received reports of a stabbing at Kings Dock.

The victim, only 15 years old, was taken to hospital with reportedly minor injuries.

Five people were involved in the attack, with the injured teenager believing that one of them had a blade.

Four hours earlier, there had been reports that fighting had broken out between a group of teenagers – some believed to be armed with knives – near the M&S Bank Arena.

A 16-year-old boy from Walton was arrested on suspicion of possession of a knife as a blade was handed over to police by witnesses who saw him thrown as some members of the group fled from police .

As of Sunday afternoon, there were reports of kids jumping on inflatables at the Wild Shore Waterpark attraction, then aggressive towards security personnel when challenged, amid concerns of antisocial behavior near Mann Island were also raised over the weekend.

In an effort to avoid further problems, Merseyside Police have introduced a dispersal area covering the waterfront.

The move means officers have the power to order a suspected troublemaker to leave a specified area and not return for 48 hours. Non-compliance is a criminal offense.

The order will run until 1 a.m. Thursday and include the River Mersey, St Nicholas Place, Georges Dock Gates, The Strand, James Street, Lord Street, Paradise Street, Wapping, Queens Wharf, Keel Wharf, Monarchs Quay and Halftide Wharf.

It follows a similar order applied on Monday.



A dispersal zone imposed by the police from July 20 to 1 a.m. on July 22, 2021

Liverpool Community Police Inspector Charlotte Irlam said: ‘Our beautiful waterfront should be a space for everyone across Merseyside to enjoy the great weather we have, not a place for behavior reckless antisocial that we have unfortunately seen recently.

“This is why we introduced an additional dispersal zone today to prevent similar incidents from happening again and for families and residents to enjoy our waterfront without their day being ruined by antisocial behavior. .

“We understand the impact of anti-social behavior on the community and the vast majority of law-abiding visitors to the area, so I would like to warn anyone who plans to gather in large numbers or cause trouble that we will refer to you.

“The Dispersal Zone gives us the powers we need to deal effectively with people and I urge anyone in the area with information about anti-social behavior or other concerns on the waterfront or downtown to contact us.

“Also, if you are the parents or guardians of young people, make sure you know where they are and discourage them from getting involved in such behavior.”

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Teenager “stabbed” at Albert Dock in Liverpool https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/teenager-stabbed-at-albert-dock-in-liverpool/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 07:20:53 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/teenager-stabbed-at-albert-dock-in-liverpool/ 15-year-old taken to hospital with cuts to his head Author: Sophie MerrickPosted 25 minutes ago Merseyside Police said an investigation was underway following an incident near the Albert Dock Ferris Wheel last night (Monday July 19) which resulted in two cuts to the head of a 15 year old boy. Officers were called around 9 […]]]>

15-year-old taken to hospital with cuts to his head

Author: Sophie MerrickPosted 25 minutes ago

Merseyside Police said an investigation was underway following an incident near the Albert Dock Ferris Wheel last night (Monday July 19) which resulted in two cuts to the head of a 15 year old boy.

Officers were called around 9 p.m. with reports of a stabbing. The victim is believed to have been assaulted by a group of about five young people who then fled. One of the men was reportedly armed with a knife.

The victim was taken to hospital for treatment for his injuries, which were not believed to be serious.

Earlier this evening, a dispersal zone was set up in the area following incidents of antisocial behavior at the Wild Shore Water Park.

Acting Chief Inspector Geoff Stewart said:

“The behavior we have seen tonight is appalling. We have stepped up patrols in the area and a dispersal zone is now in place. There is no room for this type of behavior and I appeal to parents to know where their children are and what they are doing. The young people involved in this incident and the previous incident Antisocial behavior at the Wild Shore Waterpark spoils the facilities offered to other young people, visitors and residents of the city.

“Fortunately, the victim of this incident did not sustain serious injuries, but it is deeply upsetting for him and his family. I appeal to anyone who may have information about this and to help us find the responsible persons. ”

The dispersal area that has been set up covers the area delineated on the map and includes: the River Mersey; Place Saint-Nicolas; George Wharf Doors; the strand; James Street; Rue du Seigneur; Rue du Paradis; Wapping; Queen’s Quay; Quay Quay; Quai du monarque and wharf at mid-tide.

The ordinance, which falls under section 34 of the Antisocial Behavior Act & The Police Act 2014 gives police officers and police community support traffic officers the power to order those they suspect of being responsible for or likely to cause a crime, nuisance or antisocial behavior to members of the public leaving a designated area and not returning for 48 hours.

By law, officers have the power to seize any item used in the commission of anti-social behavior.

If a person who had previously been ordered to leave the area returned, an offense would be committed, for which they could ultimately be arrested.

Anyone with information on this incident is urged to contact DM @MerPolCC, message ‘Merseyside Police Contact Center on Facebook’ or @CrimestoppersUK on 0800 555 111 with reference 1169 from July 19th.

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Pet parents remorse over pandemic: Sudbury rescue group receives so many unwanted dogs they must turn them down https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/pet-parents-remorse-over-pandemic-sudbury-rescue-group-receives-so-many-unwanted-dogs-they-must-turn-them-down/ Mon, 19 Jul 2021 12:18:02 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/pet-parents-remorse-over-pandemic-sudbury-rescue-group-receives-so-many-unwanted-dogs-they-must-turn-them-down/ A northern Ontario animal rescue group says it has had to start turning away unwanted dogs that were adopted during the pandemic. Lots of people have had pets during the pandemic, but Jill Pessot, director of Pet Save in Sudbury, says that if they weren’t properly trained or socialized, it likely led to antisocial behavior […]]]>

A northern Ontario animal rescue group says it has had to start turning away unwanted dogs that were adopted during the pandemic.

Lots of people have had pets during the pandemic, but Jill Pessot, director of Pet Save in Sudbury, says that if they weren’t properly trained or socialized, it likely led to antisocial behavior in dogs. and now their owners don’t know what to do with them.

Jill Pessot, director of Pet Save in Sudbury, says they have 8 dogs with behavioral problems, a record 20 years. Normally this number is 1 or 2. (Jan Lakes / CBC)

Some post online to try and sell their unwanted dogs.

“If you are looking for a dog this year on the net – and there are a lot of them out there – be careful because there is a reason why they are there. [dog] was a perfect dog, they wouldn’t be on the internet, ”she said.

Other owners ditch their new pets to shelters or rescue groups like Pet Save

“And now they’re coming into rescues because people, number one, couldn’t even enlist coaches for a while or didn’t know when to enlist that coach,” Pessot said.

There are eight dogs in the Pet Save kennel with behavioral issues, where they normally only have one or two.

Pessot receives daily calls about owners who wish to transfer animals to her, and she must refuse them.

Patience and proper training help

Many pet problems could be solved with patience and a good trainer to help you out.

Jacqueline Preyde is the founder of Canine Intuition Training and Rehabilitation, a dog training service in Sudbury specializing in behavioral correction.

Her biggest advice to new dog owners is to train their pooch.

“Cage training is a very useful tool, especially in an age when dogs are very dependent on their owners,” she said. “If you create the crate as a safe space, it really helps in the transition from having to leave the house afterwards.”

Preyde also suggests giving the dog something to lick or chew on before having to leave him at home alone. It provides mental stimulation and distraction.

She cautions new dog owners to do proper research on the breed they are considering and the correct training methods, adding that there are plenty of resources online.

“When it comes to certain behaviors, I’m adamant about contacting a professional, just because we’re seeing a lot more anxiety and responsiveness these days than before,” said Preyde.

“We just see a lot of people who no longer understand the magnitude of what a certain breed or what a puppy needs.”


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Avoid antisocial behavior or risk expulsion, UniAbuja warns students – Blueprint Newspapers Limited https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/avoid-antisocial-behavior-or-risk-expulsion-uniabuja-warns-students-blueprint-newspapers-limited/ Sun, 18 Jul 2021 13:21:28 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/avoid-antisocial-behavior-or-risk-expulsion-uniabuja-warns-students-blueprint-newspapers-limited/ Newly admitted students of the University of Abuja (UniAbuja) were urged not to engage in anti-social behavior and to respect the laws, statutes and regulations of the institution or to risk expulsion. The vice-chancellor of the university, Prof. Abdul-Rasheed Na-Allah, gave the warning during the matriculation ceremony for the 2020/2021 academic session at the university. […]]]>

Newly admitted students of the University of Abuja (UniAbuja) were urged not to engage in anti-social behavior and to respect the laws, statutes and regulations of the institution or to risk expulsion. The vice-chancellor of the university, Prof. Abdul-Rasheed Na-Allah, gave the warning during the matriculation ceremony for the 2020/2021 academic session at the university. Na-Allah said that the university community cannot thrive or provide quality education without complete peace, cooperation from stakeholders and understanding from students and staff. He added that mentoring activities had been introduced as part of the school curriculum to help students develop skills and business ideas that would be useful to them after graduation. Out of the thousands of applications received, only 4,311 eligible students were admitted to the academic session, he said. He assured that the university will encourage students to achieve the highest level of excellence in their academic activities. Your parents did not send you to this university to continue depending on them when you return. Each of you must acquire entrepreneurial skills to enable you to become independent after graduating from this university.

“This is one of the reasons why this university frowns on bad student ethics. We do not tolerate any act of indiscipline, we do not tolerate laziness, we do not tolerate bigotry, we do not tolerate any destructive behavior because this institution is a model university and we encourage our students to reach the highest standards, ”, did he declare. The new students were admitted to 10 faculties of agriculture, law, social sciences, engineering, among others.

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The Open: R&A Deplores “Discriminatory Behavior” After Coach Of Trans Woman Forced To Leave Sandwich | Golf news https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/the-open-ra-deplores-discriminatory-behavior-after-coach-of-trans-woman-forced-to-leave-sandwich-golf-news/ Sat, 17 Jul 2021 16:40:21 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/the-open-ra-deplores-discriminatory-behavior-after-coach-of-trans-woman-forced-to-leave-sandwich-golf-news/ Transgender golf coach Alison Perkins was forced to leave Royal St George’s early after being the victim of alleged transphobic abuse. The R&A offered him all its support and condemned the “discriminatory behavior” By Keith Jackson at Royal St George’s Last updated: 07/17/21 18:02 The R&A have offered their full support to golf coach Alison […]]]>

Transgender golf coach Alison Perkins was forced to leave Royal St George’s early after being the victim of alleged transphobic abuse. The R&A offered him all its support and condemned the “discriminatory behavior”

Last updated: 07/17/21 18:02

The R&A have offered their full support to golf coach Alison Perkins and condemned the allegations of transphobic abuse she suffered at the Open.

Perkins was at Royal St George’s earlier this week as a PGA Professional, giving lessons to fans in the spectator village before being targeted as she prepared to leave the course following the end of her shift. job.

She returned to the Swingzone the next morning, but was still understandably shaken and upset by the incident the day before and made the decision to go home.

Alison Perkins was teaching in the Swingzone at the Open

Alison Perkins was teaching in the Swingzone at the Open

Perkins, who made headlines earlier this year when she became the first transgender woman to compete in the regional qualifiers for the Open, also had to cancel her scheduled appearance for Sky Sports in the open zone.

A spokesperson for The R&A said: “Alison is a valued member of the PGA Swingzone team and we are deeply disturbed to learn of the incident earlier this week.

“We will be reaching out to Alison to offer our support and make it clear that she is welcome to the Open in the future. We strongly believe that golf should be open to all and deplore any type of discriminatory behavior.”

The R&A position was echoed by the PGA, who also expressed their dismay at the incident.

A PGA statement read: “This is a very distressing incident and Alison has our full support at this difficult time. Alison has been an integral member of the Swingzone team providing free golf lessons to the general public at the ‘Open and has contributed immensely to its success this year as well as in previous years.

Golf Coach Alison Perkins Tells Sky Sports News About Her Experience As A Transgender Woman Working In The Sport

Air sports 4:47
Golf Coach Alison Perkins Tells Sky Sports News About Her Experience As A Transgender Woman Working In The Sport

Golf Coach Alison Perkins Tells Sky Sports News About Her Experience As A Transgender Woman Working In The Sport

“She is a highly skilled and dedicated coach and is respected and admired by her colleagues and golfers. The well-being of our members is our primary goal and we will continue to support Alison.

“We have a diverse workforce of over 8,000 PGA professionals, all of whom should be free to work without fear of discrimination or prejudice.”

“We are deeply disturbed to learn of the incident earlier this week. We will be reaching out to Alison to offer our support and clarify that she is welcome to the Open in the future.”

R&A spokesperson

Perkins, who also gave training classes at Carnoustie in 2018 and at Royal Portrush two years ago, said bunkered.co.uk that she was determined to put the incident behind her and return to the Swingzone for the 150th Open at St Andrews next year.

“Yes, it hurt and caused a lot of distress,” she said. “It only takes a few thousand to hurt and it may take a while for me to recover from this sort of thing. However, I like to take advantage of the good and not the bad. I will fight and come back. at some point. For now, I just hope people are enjoying the Open. I’m about to portray the positive in my life.

“What happens happens. I have many battles in my life. Some I choose to fight, others are not worth it. The end goal is more important to me.”

Perkins then took to social media to explain her decision to cut her week short, although she insisted she would reflect on the positives of her time at Sandwich rather than dwell on the negative points.

“The sun went down early on my Open,” she wrote on her Twitter account. “I enjoyed my last day, walking around watching golf and the PGA Swingzone. Sad to leave early, but it was the right decision for me, reflecting back home.

“I hope I will come back stronger one day. It’s a tough journey I’m on, trying to take the positives of the week and not the negatives.”



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Antisocial behavior and parking problem = additional patrols https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/antisocial-behavior-and-parking-problem-additional-patrols/ Fri, 16 Jul 2021 14:16:16 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/antisocial-behavior-and-parking-problem-additional-patrols/ WITH a warm weather forecast for the weekend, additional police patrols are planned to keep coastal areas safe – including Barry and Penarth. This is part of the South Wales Police Operation Elstree which covers key locations including Cardiff Bay, Penarth and Barry Island, as well as the Heritage Coastline stretch between Rhoose Point and […]]]>

WITH a warm weather forecast for the weekend, additional police patrols are planned to keep coastal areas safe – including Barry and Penarth.

This is part of the South Wales Police Operation Elstree which covers key locations including Cardiff Bay, Penarth and Barry Island, as well as the Heritage Coastline stretch between Rhoose Point and Ogmore-by-Sea.

A force spokesperson said: “Antisocial behavior and crime are negatively impacting our communities and we will continue to work with our partners to proactively patrol these key areas to prevent such activity.”

Section 35 notices – which give officers the power to move people from an area if they act antisocially – will be in place again on Barry Island and Ogmore-by-Sea this weekend.
Officers will also work closely with colleagues from the respective local authorities to resolve the problem of parking issues and action will be taken when vehicles are illegally parked.
Chief Inspector Bella Rees of South Wales Police said: “It is understandable that everyone wants to make the most of the good weather and visit our beautiful coastal areas, but we ask visitors to please. wanting to pay attention to how they park and make sure there is enough space for emergency vehicles to pass.
“Fire trucks in particular are bigger than cars and need more room to turn around corners, so avoid parking too close to intersections.
“Every second counts when emergency services respond to a 999 call, so please park responsibly.”


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‘Poo bomber’, 50, who has plagued the lives of neighbors for 25 years is banned from urinating and defecating in public https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/poo-bomber-50-who-has-plagued-the-lives-of-neighbors-for-25-years-is-banned-from-urinating-and-defecating-in-public/ Thu, 15 Jul 2021 09:54:00 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/poo-bomber-50-who-has-plagued-the-lives-of-neighbors-for-25-years-is-banned-from-urinating-and-defecating-in-public/ A WOMAN who “pooped” on her neighbor’s property as part of a 25-year harassment campaign was banned from “urinating or defecating” in an open space. The cops successfully applied for a criminal conduct order against Amanda Lee, 50. 1 Amanda Lee, 50, has a conviction list that includes anti-social behavior and harassment Lee, of Crewe, […]]]>

A WOMAN who “pooped” on her neighbor’s property as part of a 25-year harassment campaign was banned from “urinating or defecating” in an open space.

The cops successfully applied for a criminal conduct order against Amanda Lee, 50.

1

Amanda Lee, 50, has a conviction list that includes anti-social behavior and harassment

Lee, of Crewe, Cheshire, has 15 convictions spanning 1996 to 2018.

These include incidents of anti-social behavior, harassment and breaches of public order.

Now the police have obtained an order prohibiting her from engaging in certain behaviors, including urinating and defecating outdoors.

Cheshire Police have also charged her with causing trouble on several occasions and making unwelcome calls to 999.

If she breaks the conditions, the thug faces up to five years in prison.

The South Cheshire Magistrates’ Court imposed the CBO in a hearing this week.

The five conditions included a ban on possessing alcohol in an open container in an exclusion zone and restrictions on abusive language.

PENAL ORDER

The order is also aimed at preventing Lee from calling the police unless she has a valid reason.

PC Alex Barker said: “A criminal conduct order is sought after all reasonable avenues have been explored regarding repeat offenders.

“In this case, Lee’s attitude and demeanor have lasted since the 1990s and she has been convicted on several occasions for incidents having a considerable impact on the residents.

“She consistently showed no consideration for the actions she committed on others.

“There comes a time when you have to say enough is enough and take extra steps to protect the community and businesses in the area.”

He added that Lee was told it was a criminal offense to fail to comply with the terms of the order.

Anyone who sees her breaking the terms of her CBO is asked to report it to Cheshire Police by calling 101.

Urgent manhunt after teenage girl was sexually assaulted in “deeply concerning” attack


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Most of the young people involved in street trading are among our most vulnerable citizens https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/most-of-the-young-people-involved-in-street-trading-are-among-our-most-vulnerable-citizens/ Sun, 11 Jul 2021 06:00:25 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/most-of-the-young-people-involved-in-street-trading-are-among-our-most-vulnerable-citizens/ LAST WEEK I and over 100 youth workers and prominent politicians signed a letter calling for an end to Ireland’s drug ban. The campaign, launched by Youth Workers Against Prohibition (YWAP), was born out of our frustration that the young people we work with being exploited by a drug trade which we believe should be […]]]>

LAST WEEK I and over 100 youth workers and prominent politicians signed a letter calling for an end to Ireland’s drug ban.

The campaign, launched by Youth Workers Against Prohibition (YWAP), was born out of our frustration that the young people we work with being exploited by a drug trade which we believe should be regulated and run by the state.

For too long, An Garda Síochána has been called upon to shoulder the burden of ending the war on drugs. While we respectfully disagree with AGS’s current policy, it is understandable.

The community called for a response to anti-social behavior and open street selling. The Gardaí are not an advocacy group or an instrument of political reform. It is their role to uphold the law and in the current system drugs are illegal.

Who is the “war on drugs” for?

The “war on drugs” is impossible to win and a new approach is needed. The National Drug Strategy (2017) calls for a health-focused response to the drug problem.

Putting health at the center of drug policy requires an end to prohibition. By no longer focusing on an impossible-to-win war, Gardaí could focus on other areas: burglaries, domestic violence, bicycle thefts, online fraud, organized crime and community policing.

I work directly with young people involved in the street trade. It may surprise readers, but they are some of our most vulnerable citizens. These are young people who leave school prematurely, often from broken homes where drug addiction was widespread and with few positive role models.

Some have experienced trauma that the average person cannot imagine. They have no hope in their lives of ever becoming anything other than a drug dealer and a criminal. It’s easy to look at the bravado, designer clothes, or anti-social behavior and label them as thugs. But often a wrong move – a lost drug package, a personal feud, being labeled as a “rat” – is all it takes for them to become victims of the gangs that treated them.

We are not trying to minimize the effect these young people can have on individuals and communities. Violence, intimidation and other forms of crime accompany the territory of an unregulated drug market.

There are victims of these crimes and we need to be accountable. I see incredible and passionate professionals, including youth workers and Gardaí, going above and beyond with these young people and their families to offer them support and opportunities, and show them that another way is possible.

Forgotten people

Often times, it’s like trying to heal a gunshot wound with a bandage. The Greentown Report found that young people who end up committing serious offenses have problems with drugs and alcohol, family involvement in crime, problematic school engagement and ineffective parenting. Ending the ban will not be a quick fix to all of Ireland’s problems and social inequalities must also be addressed.

YWAP is only too aware of the damage drugs can cause. They can affect brain development and make young people more vulnerable to drug addiction and exploitation. We believe that ending prohibition will reduce the risk to young people of drugs. A regulated market will require proof of identity, introduce quality control and provide a written record of the source of medicines.

In our YWAP meetings, we discussed many ramifications of ending Prohibition. One of the first things to consider is how to deal with mid-level dealers? They are often very intelligent and motivated individuals. It may sound drastic, but they will need to be contacted in one form or another.

Yes they can be violent, yes I disapprove of their actions but would I have done differently for them? They say, “f ** k handouts, we see a gap in the market where we can get money and status and we’re going to take advantage of it.”

A youth leader uses the term “entrepreneurs from their own environment” and I think that’s correct. There are undoubtedly risks in ending prohibition, but what I think is not discussed enough are the ramifications of the current prohibition policy. This war is being waged all over the world with incalculable expense for public finances and people’s lives, and there is no end in sight.

Ask yourself if prohibition works?

In Ireland, organized crime gangs are taking advantage of the ban by using children to store, sell and consume their goods, knowing that children will face lighter penalties under the law.

Despite ongoing enforcement and awareness campaigns, drug use and its harms continue to increase. Could anyone really argue that the drug policy in Ireland over the past 30 years has been successful? We know the harms of drugs, but if we don’t also address the systemic problems caused by outdated drug laws, we will continue to fail vulnerable youth and society as a whole.

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Communities that have been isolated from the impacts of drug use and prohibition cannot put their heads in the sand and pretend this is not happening. Drugs and gang violence weren’t commonplace where I grew up, and if someone had told me five years ago that I would advocate for drug legalization, I would have thought they were crazy.

But my experiences on the front lines of the youth justice system have shown me that the system must change. Families and communities that were severely damaged by the drug epidemic of the 1980s and 1990s continue to grapple with the trauma suffered during this time. Young people in these communities often do not receive the same basic support as the rest of society, making them vulnerable to high-risk and antisocial behavior and exploitation. The ban then precluded appropriate support, and it continues today.

Everyone will eventually be exposed to drugs, whether it’s at college, at a festival, or at a work party. Young people have grown too old for drug education and “say no” and fear mongering have failed to keep children and communities safe.

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Youth workers need to educate communities about the dangers of drugs and harm reduction, so that when the time comes, if people choose to take drugs, they can do so in the safest way possible.

As we call for an end to the ban on all drugs, the timing and means of regulation will vary by substance. Cannabis, heroin and cocaine will all need to be regulated and distributed differently.

Any significant policy change must be accompanied by thoughtful engagement and dialogue. The Citizens’ Assembly has been an extremely useful means of analyzing whether the current approach to an issue is working for Irish society.

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Given the impact of current drug policy on the lives of so many in our communities, reform should be on the agenda of the next Citizens’ Assembly and politicians should step up and voice their opinions on this issue.

We have been told that we are facing an uphill battle with this campaign. I agree. We are ready for it.

Eoin Lynagh is a youth justice worker and member of Youth Workers Against Prohibition.

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Bathgate couple lose sleep over ‘nightmarish neighbor’ who claims he injected drugs outside his home https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/bathgate-couple-lose-sleep-over-nightmarish-neighbor-who-claims-he-injected-drugs-outside-his-home/ Fri, 09 Jul 2021 11:34:27 +0000 https://www.sociologyesoscience.com/bathgate-couple-lose-sleep-over-nightmarish-neighbor-who-claims-he-injected-drugs-outside-his-home/ ]]>

Elaine Hall and her husband Edward say they have suffered beatings and screams most nights since the neighbor moved into Pentland Avenue council property Boghall in September last year.

Elaine Hall and her husband Edward say they have suffered beatings and screams most nights since the neighbor moved into Pentland Avenue council property Boghall in September last year.

Elaine Hall and her husband Edward say they have suffered beatings and screams most nights since the neighbor moved into Pentland Avenue council property Boghall in September last year. Mr Hall starts the early hours at 6 a.m. in the Tesco distribution center in Livingston.

And Ms Hall said on Christmas Day that she had to call an ambulance for the man next door who appeared to have overdosed in his backyard. She says when she helped him get home, he then injected himself in his groin.

Ms Hall, 58, said: ‘About four weeks ago I was in my kitchen and he was outside my kitchen window injecting himself in his groin – in my hut. He was right in front of me. It stressed me out. I couldn’t even phone the police because I couldn’t string a sentence together. I had to wait for my husband to come home. It was around lunchtime. My husband later reported it to the council’s safe neighborhood team.

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A broken window in the neighboring property.

A West Lothian Council spokesperson said he was aware of the case and that officers from the teams involved were working together to provide “appropriate support”.

The spokesperson did not comment on the specific circumstances, but pointed out that support is available through their Safer Neighborhood team and community safety partners.

Police also confirmed that officers were called to report an assault on Ms Hall by a friend of the neighbor in March, after she confronted them about their behavior in the garden. Investigations remain ongoing.

Images shared with the Edinburgh Evening News show windows and doors on the neighboring property boarded up, mess left outside and a syringe that was left outside Ms Hall’s home.

Elaine and Edward Hall.

Ms Hall continued: “I’m afraid the board is not doing anything to help us. We are living an absolute nightmare.

“I feel scared because a lot of times I’m home alone and Edward shows up at 3pm. I no longer work because of the anxiety. I used to clean for Lothian buses, but couldn’t go to work because I couldn’t sleep and was tired and anxious. I am now on universal credit. I had to give up my job because I couldn’t cope.

Ms Hall says she has lived in Boghall for most of her life and has been in her current home for around 25 years.

A West Lothian Council spokesperson said: ‘We are aware of this matter and work is underway on the issues raised, with officers from the relevant teams coming together to provide appropriate support. It would not be appropriate to comment on the details of the case at this time or the issues relating to individual tenants.

“Council officers will continue to provide ongoing support and assistance to tenants and use the appropriate approaches available in these circumstances. “

“It is important to stress that support is available through the Council’s Safer Neighborhood team and relevant community safety partners. To report any concerns that tenants / residents may have, the advice is to report to 01506 280000 [email protected]”

Inspector Brendan Mcmahon said: “The Scottish Police take all reports of anti-social behavior seriously. We work closely with our council partners and other local organizations to ensure that people can enjoy their homes safely. security and peace.

“The root causes of anti-social behavior are often complex and while the police have an important role to play, it is also vital that people get the specialized support they need to resolve their problems. “

“Our community workers are in daily contact with our partners across West Lothian and conduct joint visits, organize multi-agency discussions and lead days of action to target the most serious cases.

“I want to reassure the local community that the safety of people is a priority for Police Scotland and that anyone who has concerns for their safety or the safety of others should call us on 101 to discuss their concerns.”

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